Agriculture is an inherently risky business. Some risks are everyday business risks; some risks are brought on by natural disasters. Producers need to regularly manage for financial, marketing, production, human resource, and legal risks.
USDA offers tools to assist producers as they meet these planning needs, including access to risk management tools, information regarding markets and risk, technical assistance coping with common risks, protection from the spread of animal and plant diseases and pests, and, when applicable, assistance recovering from disasters.
Through the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, USDA provides crop insurance to American farmers and ranchers. There are many types of insurance available for a wide variety of production - and more are constantly being added.
The Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program, or NAP, provides catastrophic-level risk protection to producers of commodities that do not have an insurance product available. NAP can provide assistance when natural disasters cause low yields, loss of inventory, or prevented planting.
In many circumstances, USDA's FSA and Natural Resources Conservation Service can provide assistance for losses resulting in natural disasters such as drought, flood, fire, freeze, tornadoes, pest infestation, and other calamities.
If you have experienced losses, you may be eligible to receive assistance from four programs administered by FSA.
The Livestock Forage Disaster Program and the Livestock Indemnity Program provides payments to eligible producers for livestock deaths and grazing losses.
The Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program provides emergency assistance to eligible producers of livestock, honeybees and farm-raised fish that have suffered losses because of disease, severe weather, blizzards and wildfires.
The Tree Assistance Program provides financial assistance to qualifying orchardists and nursery tree growers to replant or rehabilitate trees, bushes and vines damaged by natural disasters.
Disaster Set-Aside can provide relief for producers who have direct loans with FSA and are unable to make the scheduled installment due, to move one full year's payment to the end of the loan.
USDA's Milk Income Loss Contract Program (MILC) compensates dairy producers when domestic milk prices fall below a specified level. The MILC program is extended through Sept. 1, 2014, or until a new Margin Protection Program for dairy producers, established by the 2014 Farm Bill, is in place.
Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC)
ARC and PLC offer financial assistance for major row crops when either commodity prices or revenues are below certain levels. ARC and PLC are available for the following covered commodities: wheat, oats, barley, corn, grain sorghum, rice, soybeans, sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, mustard seed, crambe and sesame seed, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, large chickpeas, and peanuts.
Ag Risk & Farm Management Library
USDA funds the web-based Ag Risk and Farm Management Library, which serves to organize thousands of materials to help agricultural producers and professionals quickly find the information you need on risk management, marketing, financial management and more.
Risk Management Education
USDA provides funds to the regional extension risk management education centers that provide risk education and tools tailored for different regions of the country and types of operations, including important business planning tools.