Why is agricultural trade so important? | USDA
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  Trade Policies and Procedures
 
  Q. Why is agricultural trade so important?

A. 

Farmers in the United States produce more with the same or even fewer resources than 50 years ago. Agricultural sector productivity in the U.S. has been rising at an annual rate of about 2 percent.

This rising productivity benefits the entire U.S. economy by releasing resources that can be used to produce other goods and services Americans want. American farmers must look to foreign markets because production and production capacity is increasing faster than domestic demand.