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Understanding Environmental Markets

Environmental markets are an innovative policy approach to increasing funding for environmental conservation and are often viewed as a complement to traditional conservation programs. Current active and pilot markets exist for greenhouse gasses, water quality, wetlands, and habitats.

Water Quality Markets

Carbon and Greenhouse Gas Markets

Biodiversity and Habitat Markets

Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)

PES refer to scenarios where those who use ecosystem services provide payments to the providers of ecosystem services. These payments offer incentives to preserve natural systems.

USDA Resources

ERS Report: "The Use of Markets to Increase Private Investment in Environmental Stewardship"

The Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP)

Baselines in Environmental Markets

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Natural Resources Credit Trading Reference

Ecosystem Services, Markets, and the US FWS

Ecosystem Services Update: A monthly digest of news, reports, journal articles and events related mainly to forest-based ecosystem services and markets. To subscribe, please email, and include your name, email and organization.

Other Resources

Duke Nicholas Institute: Managing Risk in Environmental Markets

UNEP: Vital Graphics on Payment for Ecosystem Services- Realizing Nature’s Valueexternal site

Payments for Environmental Services: Some nuts and boltsexternal site

Business and Ecosystems: Markets for Ecosystem Services-- New Challenges and Opportunities for Business and the Environmentexternal site

Markets for Ecosystem Services: A Potential Tool for Multilateral Environmental Agreementsexternal site

Ecosystem Accounting Protocol: Increasing the Effectiveness of Investments in the Environmentexternal site