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Water Quality Trading Programs

Regional projects offer unique opportunities to demonstrate large-scale approaches to solving our water quality challenges.  Regional water quality trading projects result in increased efficiencies through economies of scale by providing access to a larger market, allowing for a greater geographical reach.

Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay represents the largest most comprehensive test of water quality markets in the country. The cost of compliance with the Chesapeake Bay TMDL, released by EPA in 2010, will be high, especially for urban areas, creating the demand for water quality credits.  Credits for water quality improvements on agriculture and forest land will be a cost-effective alternative to expensive structural pollution control practices.

Chesapeake Bay Resources

Ohio River Basin

Ohio River Basin Trading Projectexternal site

Ohio Water Quality Trading Program external site

Miami Conservancy District—Great Miami River Water Quality Trading Programexternal site


Oregon DEQ: Water Quality Tradingexternal site

Oregon's Water Marketsexternal site


Florida DEP: Water Quality Credit Trading and the Pollutant Trading Policy Advisory Committeeexternal site

NC DENR: Tar-Pamlico Nutrient Tradingexternal site


Wisconsin’s Water Quality Trading Resources external site

Additional Resources

USDA-EPA Water Quality Trading Roadmap

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