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Reference Guide - USDA Disaster Resources for Farmers, Ranchers and Communities

Program

Description

Event

 

Technical Assistance

 

Farm Service Agency

County offices provide direct service to producers to help them understand available programs, eligibility and requirements, application processes and deadlines, and business plan development assistance.

All

Natural Resources Conservation Service

County offices provide planning assistance for watershed protection projects, water quality improvement projects, wetland preservation, and management for agricultural and rural communities.

All

Rural Development

Technical assistance is targeted to help communities build capacity from within thereby empowering them to develop and sustain their own communities. TA includes strategic planning or leadership development, developing and strengthening partnerships and finding financial resources and bringing them to the table.

All

USDA Climate Hubs

Evaluating and creating web tools that can help land managers make management decisions that will benefit farms, ranches and forests in light of increasing drought. Regional vulnerability assessments point out drought impacts that land managers can consider in designing management programs/practices.

All

Extension Disaster Education Network
NIFA

Provides education resources to reduce the impact of natural and man- made disasters, as a part of the Cooperative Extension Service.

All

 

Disaster Payments For Agricultural Losses

 

Livestock Forage Program
Farm Service Agency

Provides compensation to eligible livestock producers that have suffered grazing losses for covered livestock on land that is native or improved pastureland with permanent vegetative cover or is planted specifically for grazing.

Drought, Fire

Tree Assistance Program
Farm Service Agency

Provides financial assistance to qualifying orchardists and nursery tree growers to replant or rehabilitate eligible trees, bushes and vines damaged by natural disasters.

All

Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, & Farm-raised Fish
Farm Service Agency

Provides Emergency relief to producers of livestock, honey bees, and farm-raised fish. Covers losses from disaster such as adverse weather or other conditions, such as blizzards and wildfires not adequately covered by any other disaster program.

All

Emergency Conservation Program
Farm Service Agency

Funding and technical assistance for farmland damaged by natural disasters and for carrying out emergency water conservation measures.

All

 

Loans/Credit

 

Emergency Farm Loans
Farm Service Agency

USDA-designated natural disaster areas qualify for low-interest emergency loans to help producers recover from production and physical losses due to drought, flooding, other natural disasters, or quarantine.

All

Guaranteed Farm Loans Program
Farm Service Agency

Farm loans may be used to cover operating expenses or farmland purchases, including constructing or repairing buildings and fixtures, purchasing equipment, feed, seed, fuel, insurance, and refinancing debt.

All

 

Risk Management/Insurance

 

Federal Crop Insurance
Risk Management Agency

For information on haying or grazing of cover crops, or on payment grace periods, producers should contact their crop insurance agents.

All

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program
Farm Service Agency

Production loss coverage when federal crop insurance is not available.

All

 

Conservation and Land Management

 

Conservation Reserve Program
Farm Service Agency

Pays a yearly rental payment in exchange for farmers removing environmentally sensitive land from agricultural production and planting species that will improve environmental quality.

Preventative

Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program
Farm Service Agency

An offshoot of CRP, targets high-priority conservation issues identified by government and non-government  organizations. Eligible farmland is removed from production in exchange for annual rental rates.

Preventative

Emergency Forest Restoration Program
Farm Service Agency

Provides funding to restore privately owned forests damaged by natural disasters.

All

Hay Net & Grazing Net
Farm Service Agency

An Internet-based service allowing farmers and ranchers to share ads online for available hay or grazing lands, or need-based ads requesting hay or grazing lands.

 

Environmental Quality Incentives Program
Natural Resources Conservation Service

Current EQIP contracts can be modified to address drought conditions, including adding livestock watering facilities, chipping dead trees and applying dust management practices. New contracts can be used to build long-term drought resilience by building soil health, supporting irrigation water management, and planting cover crops.

Drought

Emergency Watershed Protection
Natural Resources Conservation Service

Helping communities address watershed impairments that pose imminent threats to lives and property, including from rain events and associated debris exacerbated by drought conditions.

All

Agricultural Conservation Easement Program
Natural Resources Conservation Service

USDA can authorize haying and grazing of ACEP easement areas in drought-affected areas where such haying and grazing is consistent with conservation of wildlife habitat and wetlands.

Drought

Regional Conservation Partnership Program
Natural Resources Conservation Service

Through RCPP, NRCS and its partners help producers install and maintain conservation activities in selected project areas. Partners leverage RCPP funding with other sources. Eligible partners interested in applying should consult the announcement for program funding. Drought resilience is one of the resource concerns addressed by RCPP.

Preventative

Conservation Innovation Grants
Natural Resources Conservation Service

Like venture capital, CIG provides seed funding for creative approaches to advancing private land conservation. Drought resilience is one of the resource concerns targeted.

All*

Ogallala Aquifer Initiative
Natural Resources Conservation Service

NRCS has invested $66 M since 2011. In FY15 it is targeting $6.5 million to help farmers in 8 Great Plains states, conserving billions of gallons of water per year, through more efficient irrigation management practices (e.g. soil sensors) and converting irrigated cropland to dry land farming.

Drought

Watershed Rehabilitation Program
Natural Resources Conservation Service

In FY15 NRCS announced $73M in Watershed Rehabilitation funding for 150 projects around the country, including 15 in California. Funds are used to rehabilitate and assess dams, delivering benefits that may include improved water supply in drought affected areas.

Drought

Two Chiefs Joint Landscape Restoration Partnership
Natural Resources Conservation Service & US Forest Service

A multi-year effort to improve the health and resilience of forest ecosystems where public and private lands meet across the nation.

Preventative

 

Household and Community Water Supplies

 

Emergency Community Water Assistance Grants
Rural Development

Assists the residents of rural areas that have experienced a significant decline in quantity or quality of water, or in which such a decline is considered imminent to obtain or maintain adequate quantities of water that meet the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act.

 

Community Waste Disposal and Water Facilities Grants & Loans
Rural Development

Priority to the loan or grant application of a rural community where immediate action is needed due to unanticipated diminution of the water supply.

 

Business and Cooperative Development Loan and Grant
Programs

Rural Development

This program works in partnership with the private sector and the community-based organizations to provide financial assistance and business planning. It also helps fund projects that create or preserve quality jobs and/or promote a clean rural environment.

 

Rural Business-Cooperative Service Cooperative Services Technical Assistance
Rural Development

Provides technical assistance to rural residents in forming new cooperative businesses and improving the operations of existing cooperatives. RBS conducts cooperative related research and promotes a public understanding of cooperatives through education and information dissemination.

 

Housing & Community Facilities Programs
Rural Development

Provides technical assistance on the Housing and Community Facilities Programs, which helps rural communities and individuals by providing loans and grants for housing and community facilities.