The USDA organic label is backed by a certification system that verifies farmers or handling facilities located anywhere in the world comply with the USDA Organic Regulations. Certification entails five steps:
STEP 1: Develop an organic system plan. The organic system plan is the foundation of the organic certification process. Created by the producer or handler seeking certification, it details how an operation will comply with the regulations based on its unique characteristics.
While plans differ based on operation type and needs, they address all practices of the farming or handling systems, such as tilling, grazing, harvesting, storing and transporting. They also specify approved substances used during the growing or handling process, monitoring practices for organic systems, recordkeeping systems, and barriers that prevent commingling with nonorganic products or contact with prohibited substances.
STEP 2: Implement the organic system plan. Have it reviewed by a certifying agent. Organic operations are certified by private, foreign or State entities that have been accredited by USDA. These entities are called certifying agents and are located throughout the United States and around the world. Certifying agents are responsible for ensuring that organic products meet all organic standards.
STEP 3: Receive inspection. Every operation that applies for organic certification is first inspected on site by a certifying agent. These comprehensive top-to-bottom inspections differ in scope depending on the farm or facility. For example, for crops they include inspection of fields, soil conditions, crop health, approaches to management of weeds and other crop pests, water systems, storage areas and equipment. For livestock, they include inspection of feed production and purchase records, feed rations, animal living conditions, preventative health management practices (e.g., vaccinations), health records, and the number and condition of animals present on the farm. At a handling or processing facility, an inspector evaluates the receiving, processing, and storage areas used for organic ingredients and finished products.
STEP 4: Have a certifying agent review the inspection report. The inspector presents findings to the certifying agent following observation of practices on the farm or facility as they compare to the organic system plan. In addition to the inspection points mentioned above, the inspector also presents an assessment of the risk of contamination from prohibited materials and might even take soil, tissue or product samples as needed. The inspector also analyzes potential hazards and critical control points and makes sure procedures to prevent contamination are adequate. From there all findings are presented the certifying agent for review.
STEP 5: Receive a decision from the certifier. If an operation complies with the rules, the certifying agent issues an organic certificate listing products that can be sold as organic from that operation. The organic farm or facility continues to update its plan as it modifies its practices, and an inspection is done at least once a year to maintain certification. (See “What is Organic Certification?”)
While the certification system is rigorous to ensure integrity of the USDA organic label, thousands of producers and handlers continue to invest in these activities to market their products as organic. Earlier this year, USDA featured how Bob and Kathy Stolzfus are extending their vegetable-growing season in Florence, Miss.; veterans are training for organic careers in San Diego, Calif.; and Sarahlee Lawrence is implementing conservation measures on her food and flower operation in central Oregon.
In light of the continued growth of organic, USDA’s new Organic Literacy Initiative helps prospective farmers, ranchers and processors learn about not only how to be certified but also how to access related USDA programs. It features a toolkit that helps farmers and businesses answer the question, "Is organic an option for me?" A look at the resource guide will also help current and prospective organic customers access various USDA programs that support organic agriculture.
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Please send me information about becoming a farmer, how to be certified organic, etc... thank you
What a humorous little rationalization!
I'm certain no one at USDA, nor most of the people who visit this website, will see anything at all wrong with it, either.
Five "easy" steps.
Here's the thing, dopes: farmers farm; they don't write business plans, they farm; they don't "implement" business plans, they farm; they don't review and analyze reports, unless they're soil reports that clearly indicate how much lime or sulphur to use to amend their soil.
Step one is a function of a CPA, and unless the farmer is one for his "real" job, he has to hire one who is familiar with the organic certification regulations so that he knows what needs to be put into the "organic" business plan so that it will pass muster with the "certifying agent". Because I'm pretty sure that "Don't give my steer no growth hormones or nothin that ain't allowed" is not going to be acceptable as the farm's organic plan.
Ergo, the farmer has to hire a CPA to do this for him, and also to keep his books for him so that the organic certifying inspection won't turn into an IRS audit where the taxpayer uses a shoebox full of receipts to prove that no growth hormones were ever bought.
This costs money ... and a lot of it. The only people who have this kind of money are dilettante farmers who have outside jobs [and very well-paying outside jobs], or large agri-business outfits ... for whom the organic label was never intended.
"Certifying agents" are in the business of certifying organics; they have to be paid for their services, whether those services are "reviewing business models" of organic processing, or doing the actual busy-bodying of the certification. And who pays them? Why THE FARMER of course.
And once again, the only people who can afford it are those with well-paying outside jobs, or industrial ag.
For any farm wondering whether the inspector even knows what he's inspecting in the first place will either need to have the farmer being fluent in regulation-ese, or hire someone who is. This would be an administrative law loyyer. More money. And, as before, the only ones who can afford this are those with well-paying outside jobs [possibly as an administrative law loyyer], or those who have loyyers on-staff ... such as industrial ag.
And do all this as a yearly recertification? It costs thousands. For small farmers who don't even MAKE thousands, and can't afford to feed their livestock growth hormones because it simply doesn't pay off at their scale, to spend thousands on certifying what any imbecile with eyes can see for himself is a waste of time, effort, money, and ulcer medication. And all to get a fractional return? Not worth it.
Yet it was exactly THAT type of farmer for whom the "organic" label was desired in the first place, and whom by and large are prevented from using: it is prohbitively expensive and procedural.
When USDA confiscated the term "organic" they asked for input on how it should be handled. The only input the USDA actually listened to was given by Monsanto, Cargill, American Farm Bureau, and all the other "usual suspects" of industrial agriculture. As a result, the reuls defining what IS organic, and how to go about proving it, are geared toward large industrial agriculture, who operate by business plans, have the CPAs to write them, and have on-staff loyyering to read your arcane rules and decipher them.
USDA's continued preference for industrial ag, and their ambivalence or [more commonly] outright hostility toward small and family farming is well-advertised in these "five simple steps", not to mention the reams upon reams of rules behind these steps. ...rules that only a loyyer can make sense of, and which now includes over 300 agri-chem compounds that "organic" was intended to keep out.
How did those 300+ chemical compounds make it to the "allowed to be organic" list if not by pressure from agri-business?
"Organic" is a scam, bought and paid for by Big Ag. Yes, consumers wanted "organic" food for all the right reasons, but they made the mistake of demanding that the government give it to them, rather than them finding out for themselves where their food comes from. Consumers are lazy, government helps them out by benefiting industrial ag, and small farmers lose their market niche.
Congratulations, guys. You couldn't have harmed small farms more if you'd set out to deliberately do so.
Please do me a favor: stop helping. You aren't good at it.
Why aren't you putting up my rebuttal to your fancy-pants schlock?
This guy got swag. ^
Interesting comments from rwilymz--thanks for including them.
This guy up here as no clue... farmers DO have business plans and DO implement them. Farmers ARE businessmen. Please tell me a farmer that doesn't say they're a business persona and "just farm" no...
Also, we have been certified for 13 years. Neither of my parents ever worked off the farm to pay "expensive" certification fees. Fees are based on operation size so they're actually affordable for producers that go organic. Organic is not a scam and is saving family farms. The year we went organic the average pay price was $10.47 conventional, an all time low in my lifetime. We are PROUD to produce a wholesome product free of chemicals and drugs for our consumers for nearly $30/cwt :)
It would be nice if there were links, "how-to" links with each step. I'm ready to start step one. I've tried contacting certifying agents but they didn't get back to me. I'm not sure where to find the requirements of the certifying plan. I am a retired 'business guy'starting small time farming. I could write the plans if I could find the requirements. I'm still working at it, but could the five steps be made more specific?
rwilymz- thanks for the heads up.
I can use some help and guidance with marketing, weed issues & finance.
Thank you very much for looking at my request. also to talk about certifying.
That rwileymz is full of it. If you go to the NOP page, I think most people can find the "National Organic Guide Book" that outlines so many of the considerations of the farmer to convert to organic. You don't need a CPA, and most farmers that I know of are already using a business plan for their operation to control inputs and influence outputs and yields so typically this is right up their ally.
We are still interested in doing the Organic Progressive Farming in Michigan/Ingham County and Genesee County zones. Please assist us with as much linkage as possible with Michigan State University, East Lansing, and other Institutions of Higher Learning that will assist us in developing a state-of-the-art operation to empower international & domestic distribution of foodstuffs.
we are growing vegetables like cucumber,capsicum,tomato in our farms.From this year we have not used any chemical firtiliazer,fungicide and pesticide.
Hey rwileymz, I get it that most regs are co-opted by the big industrial lobby, however... who is calling whom a dope here? Farming is a business. All businesses need a plan to be successful. All businesses need to have regulatory constraints as well, to protect the consumer and to protect the environment. For too long we have sucked up to this mythology that farming needs to be done by a family, all other models are corrupt, and we need to subsidize "family" farming. I have no sympathy for "poor small farmers"... if you don't like the pay and can't make the business model work, get out - do something else. Quitcherbitchin. ITS A BUSINESS.
I am an organic Farmer and spice exporter based in Kerala, India. I would like to know how to get USDA certification.
I have a SMALL herb garden that I grow organic. I water with rain water and use organic fertelizer from Lowes. I keep all chickens that I can jidey from city. This is all my response to the polluted world and greedy Pharmaceutical companies that lie and overcharge us for poison. I am a retired RN. This is a hobby with about 50 herbs. I am well read and have garden since a I was a small child. I want this to be a true organic garden. However the cost to be certified is way out of my budget. Are there options. I teach and pass on my knowledge to all who are interested. As a RN I want to help others off chemicals and to a healthy life style. Hazel Hill RN SC
@Hazel thomas - thank you for your comment. Actual certification costs or fees vary widely depending on the certifying agent and the size, type, and complexity of your operation. Once you are certified, the USDA Organic Certification Cost-Share Programs can reimburse eligible operations up to 75 percent of their certification costs. If your farm or business receives less than $5,000 in gross annual organic sales, it is considered “exempt” from two key requirements, certification and documenting using an Organic System Plan. Your farm or business doesn’t need to be certified in order to sell, label, or represent your products as organic. However, you may not use the USDA organic seal on your products or refer to them as certified organic.
I want to get approved to do transportation for puppies. I don't know how to go about it
@Amanda Keathley - thank you for your comment. A person with a commercial business that moves animals from one location to another is considered a transporter under the Animal Welfare Act and must be registered with the USDA. To apply for an Animal Welfare Act license/registration please contact one of the USDA Animal Care offices below: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalwelfare/SA_Regulated_Businesses
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Very informative. Thank you for the information. I'm looking forward to learning more.
I am a legal organic canabus grower in Washington state but with new regulations and prices dropping its very difficult . So I'm interested in organic vegetables so I need to know how to get started legally looking forward to getting started
Thanx 4 all the helpfull info. Which I believe will help guide me in the right direction in making the ultimate decision 2 b green. This is what has made us survive. All the gmo antd antibiotics have shown there shortcomings. A nation of overweight and unhealthy individuals. Lets all get healthy and go GREEN!
Where is the incentives program to encourage growth of the organic food supply. Where are the subsidies for provides better than average quality foods? Where are the subsidies?
i am trying to find out how to become a certified gardner
@chico - thank you for your comment. Please check the links on this page for information about how to become a certified organic business or operation: ams.usda.gov/services/organic-certification/becoming-certified
If you are interested in information about gardening, please check the website of USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture.