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USDA, the United Nations, and Pakistan Unite to Fight FMD

Posted by Ian Winborne, Plant Health Advisor, USDA APHIS International Services, US Embassy Islamabad in Animals Plants
Feb 21, 2017
Dr. Muhammad Afzal of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) holds a bottle of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccine to show it becomes cloudy when it warms and is no longer usable.  USDA helps keep FMD vaccinations cold and viable through its Program for the Progressive Control of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Pakistan.
Dr. Muhammad Afzal of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) holds a bottle of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccine to show it becomes cloudy when it warms and is no longer usable. USDA helps keep FMD vaccinations cold and viable through its Program for the Progressive Control of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Pakistan.

Dr. Muhammad Afzal of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) holds up a bottle of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccine to show what happens when the cold chain is broken. The vaccine is spoiled, cloudy with precipitates and no longer effective. Fortunately, this was a test bottle and 500,000 additional doses of vaccine are safely stored in a modern cold room provided by USDA as part of its Program for the Progressive Control of FMD in Pakistan. 

Millions of people in Pakistan rely on animals to provide much needed food and income. Unfortunately, most of the approximately 119 million livestock in Pakistan receive little or no routine veterinary care and disease outbreaks are a common problem. FMD affects millions of cattle, water buffalo, and yaks in Pakistan each year. The disease decreases milk production, causes stillbirths, and can cause the death of valuable livestock, particularly in calves.

The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) International Services (IS) advisors stationed in Islamabad work closely with Dr. Afzal, his staff at FAO, and counterparts in the Pakistani government to lay the groundwork for control of FMD in Pakistan. The program focuses on educating field veterinarians and laboratory staff on the latest diagnostic and sampling techniques, monitoring outbreaks of FMD, providing essential equipment, and demonstrating to farmers that FMD vaccination is a safe and effective way to maintain healthy herds and increase livestock production.

Getting vaccinated to fight FMD. Water buffalo are a significant dairy animal in Pakistan, while yaks are found in the more mountainous region and are similarly valued as a diary animal.
Getting vaccinated to fight FMD. Water buffalo are a significant dairy animal in Pakistan, while yaks are found in the more mountainous region and are similarly valued as a diary animal.

The project works to control FMD in all provinces and territories in Pakistan; from the southern port city of Karachi to the Himalayan city of Gilgit, from Lahore in the east to Quetta in the west. Some parts of Pakistan have dairy cows that most Americans would recognize, however Pakistanis also produce significant amounts of buffalo milk. These animals are frequently seen in the warmer areas of the country. In the mountains, yaks are the primary dairy animal and provide “everything except eggs” to the local economy.

Since the project was started in 2011, the project team has visited villages and dairy farms around the country to deliver vaccinations, take blood samples, and educate farmers about the value of vaccination. More than 100,000 dairy cows, buffalo and yaks have been vaccinated for FMD, and thousands of farmers have learned the value of vaccination to increase livestock production.

Control of FMD also requires modern infrastructure. To support the FMD control program, USDA also provided cold rooms that store the vaccine, a critical component in keeping the vaccine potent and effective. The FMD control program has also upgraded seven regional diagnostic laboratories with modern equipment to quickly and accurately diagnose FMD. In conjunction with the laboratory equipment, APHIS IS also provides training for the highly motivated Pakistani staff in the United States.

The USDA funded FMD project helps train Pakistanis to utilize modern laboratory techniques to diagnose FMD in cattle, buffalo and yak.  Here, one of the lab diagnosticians trained by the project prepares samples for PCR analysis.
The USDA funded FMD project helps train Pakistanis to utilize modern laboratory techniques to diagnose FMD in cattle, buffalo and yak. Here, one of the lab diagnosticians trained by the project prepares samples for PCR analysis.
Category/Topic: Animals Plants

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Comments

Claudette Clair
Feb 13, 2013

I am thankful for the work that you do to protect, save and serve. In addition, I thank you for your sacrafices, I have often wanted to help and assist in given back to our international services, so I count it an honor to be employed by USDA who supports these efforts. Always praying for continued health and strength. Claudette

Dr Muhammad Jawed
Feb 25, 2013

Sir, AOA attended 2 days worshop at AVS Sgd and outbreak of FMD occurred at MF Sgd m 1st one to report FMD at MFs, and practically implented the knowledge which i gained through workshop. FMD Trivalent Vaccine gave outstanding results. I m thankful to u. Can I be a member of ur team to assist for the control of this FMD in Pakistan. Dr Muhammad Jawed VO MF Bolan Okara.
Regards

GULF
May 16, 2013

hi
give us medical treatment in our cattle farm.

dr zulfiqar ahmad shah(DVM)
May 17, 2013

I am a veterinary practisioner, if there will be any workshops regarding animal diseases in any where in the country request for invitiation because i want to learn more and apply in field that shared knowledge. Thanx for contat pls at 03005209580

sumbal
May 18, 2013

aoa sir ,my father have cattle farm at Gujrat pakistan i want ur team visit at my fathers farm kindly do this favor of medical treatment in our cattle farm waiting for your positive response
thanx

farhat
May 13, 2014

Dear sir, i have found FMD in area of District rajan pur and Muzaffar Garh tehsil alipur on west band of indus river. i have collected samples from different cattles and buffalo. what should now me? i have treated the affected animals. now whats my responsibilities? Dr. Syed farhat abbas.

farhat
May 13, 2014

dear sir, i have found FMD in area of District rajan pur and Muzaffar Garh tehsil alipur on west band of indus river. i have collected samples from different cattles and buffalo. what should now me? i have treated the affected animals. now whats my responsibilities? reply plz

DEEPESH
Jul 12, 2015

GCP/PAK/123/USA - Support to Increase Sustainable Livestock Production. (Progressive Control of Foot and Mouth Disease in Pakistan).

DEAR SIR I WANT TO KNOW THAT WHEN THE KITS WILL BE PROVIDED TO THE VETERINARY DOCTORS FOR FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE WORKSHOP WHICH WAS CONDUCTED IN THE BISMA HOTEL OF MIRPURKHAS WHERE THE KITS WERE NOT PROVISIONED TO VETERINARY DOCTORS BECAUSE THEY SAID THAT PACKETS OF KIT FOR FMD ARRIVED EMPTY FROM ISLAMABAD AND THEY WILL PROVIDE SOON. BUT STILL NO RESPONSE.

THIS WORKSHOP WAS CONDUCTED ON 22MAY 2015 AT BISMA HOTEL MIRPURKHAS.

I REQUEST YOU TO GIVE ME A POSSIBLE REASON REGARDING THIS MAIL OTHER WISE I WILL FORWARD IT TO THE HIGHER AUTHORITIES FOR SUCH TYPE OF IRRESPONSIBLE ACTION.

SO REPLY ME ABOUT THIS MAIL OTHER WISE ON THIS MONDAY I WILL TAKE FURTHER ACTION

Ben Weaver
Jul 15, 2015

@DEEPESH - Thank you for reaching out for information. We are happy to report that purchase of materials for the kits is underway and delivery is expected at the end of this month. As soon as the material is received, the kits will be distributed to all trainees.

DEEPESH
Jul 23, 2015

GCP/PAK/123/USA – Support to Increase Sustainable Livestock Production. (Progressive Control of Foot and Mouth Disease in Pakistan).

DEAR Sir finally i received the sample collection kit for FMD and Certificate for attending workshop From Respected Dr.Nasurullah Panhwer and Dr. Khadim Hussain Somroo at Office Of The Deputy Director Livestock And Animal Husbandry Mirpurkhas Sindh. So dear sir I am very thankful to you and all the team of FAO and USDA which is supporting for this project. Hope FMD will be eradicated from the Pakistan Soon.

Shakeel
Oct 26, 2015

Is this vaccine provide to farmer a free of cost? if Yes then please provide how can cattle farmer get it.

Ben Weaver
Oct 27, 2015

@Shakeel - thank you for reaching out for more information. Individual farmers can get the vaccine from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) project by signing a contract on a cost sharing basis, so it is not free of cost. The farmer may contact FAO-Pakistan to learn more about this process. Also, the private sector sells vaccines manufactured by the same company and vaccines are available in leading veterinary stores in large cities.

sana khan
Oct 17, 2017

i want to know which vaccines are available in pakistan for FMD and which ones are imported and which are local. who are distributers of these vaccines