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NRCS Partners with Farmers, Ranchers to Aid Monarch Butterflies

Posted by Jason Weller, Chief, Natural Resources Conservation Service in Conservation
Feb 21, 2017
A butterfly on a flower
NRCS is working with farmers and ranchers to create and enhance habitat for monarchs. NRCS photo by Gene Barickman.

No matter where you grew up, you are likely familiar with monarch butterflies. You may have childhood memories from science class when you watched those peculiar green caterpillars transform into beautiful butterflies. Depending on where you live, you may have seen masses of their orange-and-black wings fluttering in the sky while the butterflies were on their annual cross-country migratory journey.

Today, the iconic monarch butterfly is under pressure. Habitat loss has led to a steady decrease in their numbers.

We’re working to reverse that trend. This year, USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is launching a targeted effort in ten key states to create and enhance habitat for the iconic monarch on private lands. Through this effort, we’re partnering with farmers and ranchers to voluntarily establish habitat for the monarch on working lands while ensuring America’s farms and ranches stay productive.

Because monarch butterflies are often on the move, they need to have the right plants at the right time along their migration route, including milkweed, which is the sole food source for monarch caterpillars. We worked with butterfly experts across the United States to choose the best plant species for monarchs based on geographic location and value to monarchs.

We’re focusing efforts in the southern Great Plains and Midwest – two regions at the heart of the monarch’s migration. In the southern Great Plains, our work will focus on rangelands and ways to improve the health of pastures so they provide good forage for livestock and food for monarchs. In the Midwest we’re focusing on integrating plantings into croplands and making improvements to wetland areas.

We’re looking for private landowners in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas and Wisconsin who are interested in making monarch-friendly improvements to their land. These efforts not only benefit butterflies, they also strengthen agricultural operations, support other beneficial insects and wildlife and improve our natural resources.

When we designed this effort, we pulled together a variety of tools from the 2014 Farm Bill toolbox. In fiscal year 2016, we’re making available $2 million through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) and $2 million through the former Wetlands Reserve Program for existing wetland easements. Additionally, we created new enhancements through the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) to establish monarch habitat. The CSP enhancement assistance is available nationwide.

We’re also working with the broader federal family on this effort. NRCS’ effort contributes to a multi-agency, international strategy to reverse the monarch’s population decline in North America. The Obama administration, through the National Strategy to Protect Pollinators and Their Habitat, has a goal of increasing the eastern population of monarchs to 225 million by 2020.

Learn more about the Monarch Butterfly Habitat Development Project and other pollinators. Visit your local USDA service center to learn more about how you can help monarch butterflies on private lands that you own or manage.

For more on other technical assistance and financial resources available through NRCS conservation programs visit or your local USDA service center.

Milkweed growing along a roadside in Michigan
Milkweed grows along a roadside in Michigan. Photo courtesy of Jennifer Hopwood, Xerces Society.
Category/Topic: Conservation

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Bobbie Summers Grammer
Nov 12, 2015

I grew up in the Mississippi Delta back in the early 50's where I enjoyed admiring the beautiful colors of the butterflies. Seldom I would catch a few,put them in a screen box and later release them. Now I see very few, and that concerns me. Our organization would love to get involved. You can also find us on Facebook at Mississippi Youth Community Gardens. Thanks

ward johnson
Nov 12, 2015

Two years ago, my wife, Ann, and I started a foundation in Minneapolis, to try to save the Monarch Butterfly.     The foundation is SaveOurMonarchs Foundation, devoted to saving Monarchs by planting Milkweed seeds.
So now offers free milkweed seeds to anyone.   You can just send your request for seeds to and click on 'Get 'Seeds'.  

In 2015, over 1 million Milkweed Seed Packets were provided. Milkweed Seed Packets will be provided to anyone requesting them.

More information can be found at

Ward Johnson

Neelam Asrani
Apr 06, 2016

I need free milkweed seeds shipped. Please list price if I need to buy in bulk

James R.F. Tolson
Jul 16, 2018

The Monarch butterfly have dropped tremendously on My farm in King George Co. Virginia since 2002. I have worked alone ,for the past three years, on creating a 25 acre open field into the growing area just for milkweed and wildlife habit. One year I cut many milkweed plants because I did not know the larva on the plants were monarch larva, I thought the black worms were destroying My milkweed plants. I cut several acres of this field early in the spring of 2018 because of the many gum trees were taking over. July 7th monarchs were mating and laying eggs on the farm milkweed, I discounted cutting the field. I need help for the continuous production of 27 acres of milkweed sat aside from My 100 plus acre farm. Please contact Me; Jim Tolson

Trina Frederick
Sep 01, 2018

If still available can i get some seeds for milkweed. I own a total of 10 acres. My neighbors I'm sure will also plant some they hv 17 acres. We r both bird & wildlife lovers...feeding & putting up bird & bat boxes. We plant for various birds & hummingbirds, bee's & deer anything that happens along. Thanks in advance