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National Chicken Month – NASS Counts Chickens Before – and After – They Hatch

Posted by Kim Linonis, NASS Commodity Statistician, Poultry & Specialty Commodities Section in Research and Science
Sep 27, 2017
Chickens
NASS produces data throughout the year about major poultry production via the Chicken and Egg, Poultry Slaughter, Broiler Hatchery, Hatchery Production and Egg Products reports.

Did you know that Georgia poultry farmers produced the greatest number of chickens for meat (broilers) with 1.4 billion in 2016 followed by Alabama and Arkansas with just over 1 billion each? In all, the total value of U.S. broiler chicken production was $25.9 billion in 2016.

The poultry sector of U.S. agriculture is broad and plays an important economic role. Since September is National Chicken Month, it’s a good time to look at where they are raised and their sales value in the United States. USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) keeps track of poultry destined for the dinner plate, chickens that lay eggs, the number of hatching and table eggs as well as turkeys and ducks.

Iowa chickens produced the most eggs (13.6 billion) in 2016, followed by Ohio and Pennsylvania. United States egg production totaled 101.9 billion eggs.

Moving to numbers on all chicken, turkey, duck and other poultry meat headed to plates or soup bowls around the world, according to the Poultry Slaughter 2016 Summary there were 47.4 billion pounds of chilled and frozen meat produced in 2016.

While NASS produces data throughout the year about major poultry production via the Chicken and Egg, Poultry Slaughter, Broiler Hatchery, Hatchery Production and Egg Products reports, every five years we get a sense of how many farms of all sizes have poultry or eggs. For example, according to the 2012 Census of Agriculture, the most recent, there were 174,211 U.S. farms with 1-49 laying hens. Texas had the most farms in this category with 18,058. On the other end of the spectrum at the same time, 387 farms had 100,000 or more layers.

The agriculture census is the only time we account for birds such as pheasants, quail, chukars, peacocks, ostrich and other unique species. The next census will be collected beginning later this year. Meanwhile, check out NASS, your go-to source for poultry data to learn more about production in your area.

Category/Topic: Research and Science

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Comments

Michael K. Everhardt
Nov 09, 2017

Great Article! Can the USDA help me start my Poultry Farm one day?...please?

Ben Weaver
Nov 14, 2017

@Michael K. Everhardt - thank you for your comment. Yes, see our New Farmers web page to identify what USDA resources are available to help you get started: https://newfarmers.usda.gov

Maria I
Dec 01, 2017

Very interesting read. Almost 102 BILLION eggs produced?! That statistic alone is mind-blowing. Also thought it was interesting that Iowa was the largest egg producer, I always thought it was Pennsylvania. These numbers don't even account for the individual backyard chicken farmer (like myself). It would be interesting to take a census of individual chicken farmers and include those in the numbers. IMHO, local eggs are always best! - Maria