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Turkey for Two? A Feast for Four? Thanksgiving Comes in All Sizes

Posted by Jennifer Porter, Deputy Administrator, AMS Livestock and Poultry Program in Farming
Nov 09, 2020
Thanksgiving 2020 Comes in All Sizes infographic
Thanksgiving 2020 Comes in All Sizes infographic.

Family and food are the heart of the Thanksgiving tradition, a time to come together and celebrate everything we are thankful for. The holiday will certainly feel different this year, with the COVID-19 pandemic restricting travel and large gatherings. But that doesn’t mean every tradition should go by the wayside. Now is a great time to highlight a custom sure to make it look – and taste – like the Thanksgiving we all love – that big, beautiful American-grown turkey.

America’s 2,500 turkey farms – most of them family owned – raise 229 million gobblers every year. Thankfully, turkeys come in a variety of sizes, so it’s easy to find the right one for your holiday meal no matter how many people are sitting at your table. Let’s look at some of your options.

USDA Grade A? You’ll want the highest quality turkey on the market. To take some guesswork out of your purchase, look for the USDA Grade A shield – it means your bird is certified free of defects like bruises, broken bones, or tears which detract from its appearance or the ease of preparation. While all turkey is produced under USDA’s mandatory food safety inspection, USDA quality grading is a voluntary service. You’ll find the USDA Grade A shield on a variety of trusted turkey labels at stores and online.

Whole Bird or Turkey Breast? If you’re serving a small crowd, you might forego a whole bird and find a ready-to-cook turkey breast instead. Though you might want to run this decision by your guests first – while there’s not much nutritional difference between white and dark meat, many people have a strong preference.

Fresh or Frozen? Roughly two-thirds of the turkeys purchased for the holidays are frozen, and there’s nothing wrong with that (provided you plan ahead to thaw it safely). But you’re more likely to find smaller sizes if you buy a fresh bird, which tend to hit the stores around 10 days before the holiday. While the supply is about the same as last year, the demand for smaller turkeys may be higher in 2020, as America celebrates Thanksgiving with more, but smaller, family meals.

Hen or Tom? Just because your crowd is small doesn’t mean your turkey should be. While the typical rule of thumb is to purchase one pound of turkey per person, a larger bird can be prepared any way a smaller one can. And, with more people cooking at home these days, 2020 is the year to up your leftovers game. It would be a shame to run out before you try turkey eggs Benedict or TLT sandwiches. Each pound of uncooked whole turkey typically yields 0.71 pounds of edible meat after roasting. Fun Fact: Whole hen turkeys typically weight 8-16 pounds, whereas toms weigh in at 16-24 pounds.

Specialty Bird? If you’re seeking out a specialty bird – such as a USDA certified organic turkey, or one raised without the use of antibiotics – you’ll find those are usually smaller. If these production practices are important to you, consider shopping early to find the right bird.

Whether Thanksgiving means turkey for two, a feast for four, or an evening with eight, don’t skimp out on a beautiful American-grown centerpiece for your holiday meal – you’ll be thankful you took our advice. Happy Thanksgiving!

Category/Topic: Farming